|Title||Tustenuggee Emathla (Jim Boy), A Creek Chief|
|Artist||McKenney, Thomas L.|
|Medium||hand colored lithograph on paper|
|Dimensions||H-15 W-10.5 inches|
|Makers inscription||below image, "TUSTENUGGEE EMETHLA/ or JIM BOY/ A CREEK CHIEF./ PUBLISHED BY F.W. GREENOUGH, PHILAD/ Drawn Printed and Coloured at I.T. Bowen's Lithographic Establishment, No. 94 Walnut St./ Entered according to act of Congress in the Year 1836 by F.W. Greenough in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Penn"|
|Provenance||Mrs. H. Wyane Patterson|
|Credit line||Gift of Mrs. Isabel Garard Patterson|
Tustenuggee Emathla, or Jim Boy, had fought with the anti-American Red Sticks during the Creek War of 1813-14, but he fought against rebel Creeks in 1836. When the steamboat Monmouth sank in the Mississippi River en route to Indian Territory, Tustenuggee Emathla was on board. His four children were among the 311 Creek passengers killed.
From 1824 to 1830, Thomas McKenney served as US Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC, and during his tenure developed a government collection of portraits of prominent Native Americans who visited the city as delegates of their tribes. McKenney commissioned a well-known Washington portraitist, Charles Bird King, to paint the leaders of about twenty Native American tribes.
This print was published in History of the Indian Tribes of North America. In 1835, Thomas McKenney began work on this publication, illustrated with hand-colored prints based upon the portraits originally painted by Charles Bird King and copied by Charles Inman, as well as portraits by other artists. Each portrait is accompanied with a biography of the subject written by McKenney. Cincinnati lawyer James Hall added a long essay on the history of Native Americans.
Charles Bird King