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Object Name Lithograph
Title Apauly-Tustennuggee
Artist McKenney, Thomas L.
Artist Hall, James
Date 1836-1844 ca.
Medium hand colored lithograph on paper
Dimensions H-20.25 W-14.063 inches
Makers inscription below image, "APAULY-TUSTENNUGGEE./PUBLISHED BY DANIEL RICE & JAMES G. CLARK, PHILAD[ELPHI]A./Drawn, Printed & Colo[re]d at the Lithographic & Print Colouring Establishment, 94, Walnut St. Phila/Entered according to act of Congress in the year 1843, by James G. Clark, in the Clerks office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania"
Provenance Mrs. H. Wayne Patterson
Credit line Gift of Isabel Garrard Patterson
Accession Number G.1954.84
On view: yes
Label information This painting is a copy of Charles Bird King's portrait of Apauly-Tustennuggee, who was a member of the Creek delegation that challenged the validity of the Treaty of Indian Springs of 1825, which demanded the cession of all Creek lands in the state of Georgia in exchange for cash payments. Thomas McKenney described Apauly-Tustennuggee as "a chief and a warrior . . . a firm, brave man–and of good sense." (James D. Horan, The McKenney-Hall Portrait Gallery of American Indians, 1972)

From 1824 to 1830, Thomas McKenney served as US Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC, and during his tenure developed a government collection of portraits of prominent Native Americans who visited the city as delegates of their tribes. McKenney commissioned a well-known Washington portraitist, Charles Bird King, to paint the leaders of about twenty Native American tribes.

This print was published in History of the Indian Tribes of North America. In 1835, Thomas McKenney began work on this publication, illustrated with hand-colored prints based upon the portraits originally painted by Charles Bird King and copied by Charles Inman, as well as portraits by other artists. Each portrait is accompanied with a biography of the subject written by McKenney. Cincinnati lawyer James Hall added a long essay on the history of Native Americans.
Search Terms Portrait
Native American
Charles Bird King
American Indian
Muskogee
Muscogee (creek)
Creek (native American)
Mckenney and Hall
Subjects Print
Portrait
Native American
Clothing and Dress
Figure (Male)