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Object Name Coat
Title Coat
Artist Unknown
Date 1890
Medium Wool, Cotton, and Brass
Provenance descent through family
Credit line Gift of Annie Lou Grimes
Accession Number G.1961.131.1
On view: Yes
Label information This Columbus Guards uniform was worn by Cliff Grimes. Local militia units played an important role in the settlement of the early 19th-century South, including Columbus. The Columbus Guards, the city's first militia, was chartered by the Georgia legislature in 1834, and saw action less than two years later in the Second Creek War, participating in skirmishes with Muscogee warriors as far south as Florida. The unit drilled regularly and also served in the Mexican-American War before becoming part of the Confederate army in 1861. Members saw heavy action in Virginia, and those who returned to Columbus faced a markedly different world. As the city rebuilt its industries, the Columbus Guards began to mix more social activities with military preparedness. Members, who had always come from many of the city's leading families, began to hold prominent positions in city government and local clubs. In many ways, civic leadership skills became more essential than military training. The Columbus Guards remained active through World War I.
Search Terms Militia
Columbus Guards
Columbus Resident
Subjects Clothing and Dress