|Artist||McKenney, Thomas L.|
|Medium||hand colored lithograph on paper|
|Dimensions||H-19.813 W-14.125 inches|
|Makers inscription||below image, "JTCHO-TUSTINNUGGEE/PUBLISHED DANIEL RICE & JAMES G. CLARK, PHILA./Drawn, Printed and Col[ore]d at the Lithographic and Print Colouring Establishment, No. 94, Walnut St. Phila/Entered according to acto of Congress in the year 1843, by James G. Clark in the Clerks office of the District court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania"|
|Provenance||Mrs. H. Wayne Patterson|
|Credit line||Gift of Isabel Garard Patterson|
Deer Warrior (Itcho Tustinnuggee) (Seminole (Ikaniuksalgi)) was a member of a delegation which visited Washington, D.C. in 1825-26 to reacquire lands taken from them by the United States after its purchase of Florida in 1819. King painted his portrait during this visit. Of particular note in his attire are the trade silver earrings and finger-woven bandolier which may be connected to an unseen bag. The significance of his gesture is unknown.
From 1824 to 1830, Thomas McKenney served as US Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC, and during his tenure developed a government collection of portraits of prominent Native Americans who visited the city as delegates of their tribes. McKenney commissioned a well-known Washington portraitist, Charles Bird King, to paint the leaders of about twenty Native American tribes.
This print was published in History of the Indian Tribes of North America. In 1835, Thomas McKenney began work on this publication, illustrated with hand-colored prints based upon the portraits originally painted by Charles Bird King and copied by Charles Inman, as well as portraits by other artists. Each portrait is accompanied with a biography of the subject written by McKenney. Cincinnati lawyer James Hall added a long essay on the history of Native Americans.
Charles Bird King
Mckenney and Hall
Clothing and Dress